Induction of apoptosis by HIV-1-infected monocytic cells

TitleInduction of apoptosis by HIV-1-infected monocytic cells
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsSperber, K, Beuria, P, Singha, N, Gelman, I, Cortes, P, Chen, H, Kraus, T
JournalJournal of Immunology (Baltimore, Md.: 1950)
Date Published02/2003
KeywordsCell Fractionation, Cell-Free System, Cells, Cultured, External, Inbred BALB C, Mice, Proteins, Tumor Cells, U937 Cells

We have previously described a soluble 6000-Da peptide produced by an HIV-1-infected human macrophage cell line, clone 43(HIV), which induces apoptosis in T and B cells. We have identified this factor as the novel cDNA clone FL14676485 that encodes for the human hypothetical protein, FLJ21908. The FL14676485 cDNA clone was isolated from a 43(HIV) lambda ZAP Escherichia coli expression library and screened with a panel of rabbit and mouse anti-apoptotic Abs. We transfected the FL14676485 clone into Bosc cells and non-HIV-1-infected 43 cells. Western blot analysis of lysates from the FL14676485-transfected 43 cells and Bosc cells using anti-proapoptotic factor Abs revealed a protein with a molecular mass of 66 kDa corresponding to the size of the full-length gene product of the FL14676485 clone, while Western blot of the supernatant demonstrated a doublet of 46-kDa and 6000-Da peptide that corresponds to our previously described proapoptotic factor. Primary HIV-1(BaL)-infected monocytes also produce the FLJ21908 protein. Supernatants from these transfected cells induced apoptosis in PBMC, CD4(+), and CD8(+) T and B cells similar to the activity of our previously described proapoptotic factor. PCR analysis of 43 cells and 43(HIV) cells revealed a base pair fragment of 420 bp corresponding to the FL14676485 gene product in 43(HIV) cells, but not in 43 cells. The FLJ21908 protein induces apoptosis through activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3. We have further demonstrated that the FLJ21908 protein has apoptotic activity in the SH-SY5Y neuronal cell line and can be detected in brain and lymph tissue from HIV-1-infected patients who have AIDS dementia. The FLJ21908 protein may contribute to the apoptosis and dementia observed in AIDS patients.