DNA methylation clocks for dogs and humans.

TitleDNA methylation clocks for dogs and humans.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsHorvath, S, Lu, AT, Haghani, A, Zoller, JA, Li, CZ, Lim, AR, Brooke, RT, Raj, K, Serres-Armero, A, Dreger, DL, Hogan, AN, Plassais, J, Ostrander, EA
JournalProc Natl Acad Sci U S A
Date Published2022 May 24

DNA methylation profiles have been used to develop biomarkers of aging known as epigenetic clocks, which predict chronological age with remarkable accuracy and show promise for inferring health status as an indicator of biological age. Epigenetic clocks were first built to monitor human aging, but their underlying principles appear to be evolutionarily conserved, as they have now been successfully developed for many mammalian species. Here, we describe reliable and highly accurate epigenetic clocks shown to apply to 93 domestic dog breeds. The methylation profiles were generated using the mammalian methylation array, which utilizes DNA sequences that are conserved across all mammalian species. Canine epigenetic clocks were constructed to estimate age and also average time to death. We also present two highly accurate human–dog dual species epigenetic clocks (R = 0.97), which may facilitate the ready translation from canine to human use (or vice versa) of antiaging treatments being developed for longevity and preventive medicine. Finally, epigenome-wide association studies here reveal individual methylation sites that may underlie the inverse relationship between breed weight and lifespan. Overall, we describe robust biomarkers to measure aging and, potentially, health status in canines.

Alternate JournalProc Natl Acad Sci U S A
PubMed ID35580182
PubMed Central IDPMC9173771
Grant ListU24 MH100925 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States