Serological markers for inflammatory bowel disease in AIDS patients with evidence of microbial translocation

TitleSerological markers for inflammatory bowel disease in AIDS patients with evidence of microbial translocation
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsKamat, A, Ancuta, P, Blumberg, RS, Gabuzda, D
JournalPloS One
Date Published2010
KeywordsAcquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, Adult, Antibodies, Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic, Bacterial Translocation, Biological Markers, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, Chemokines, Cytokines, Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay, External, Female, Fluorescent Antibod

BACKGROUND Breakdown of the gut mucosal barrier during chronic HIV infection allows translocation of bacterial products such as lipopolysaccharides (LPS) from the gut into the circulation. Microbial translocation also occurs in inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). IBD serological markers are useful in the diagnosis of IBD and to differentiate between Crohn's disease (CD) and ulcerative colitis (UC). Here, we evaluate detection of IBD serological markers in HIV-infected patients with advanced disease and their relationship to HIV disease markers. METHODS IBD serological markers (ASCA, pANCA, anti-OmpC, and anti-CBir1) were measured by ELISA in plasma from AIDS patients (n = 26) with low CD4 counts (<300 cells/µl) and high plasma LPS levels, and results correlated with clinical data. For meta-analysis, relevant data were abstracted from 20 articles. RESULTS IBD serological markers were detected in approximately 65% of AIDS patients with evidence of microbial translocation. An antibody pattern consistent with IBD was detected in 46%; of these, 75% had a CD-like pattern. Meta-analysis of data from 20 published studies on IBD serological markers in CD, UC, and non-IBD control subjects indicated that IBD serological markers are detected more frequently in AIDS patients than in non-IBD disease controls and healthy controls, but less frequently than in CD patients. There was no association between IBD serological markers and HIV disease markers (plasma viral load and CD4 counts) in the study cohort. CONCLUSIONS IBD serological markers may provide a non-invasive approach to monitor HIV-related inflammatory gut disease. Further studies to investigate their clinical significance in HIV-infected individuals are warranted.