Pathology of primary central nervous system lymphoma

TitlePathology of primary central nervous system lymphoma
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2006
AuthorsCommins, D
JournalNeurosurgical Focus
Date Published2006
KeywordsBrain Neoplasms, Humans, Internal, Lymphoma

The understanding of primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) has lagged behind that of the much more common systemic, nodal lymphomas. Reasons for this include the relative rarity of PCNSL and the fact that these lesions differ in some ways from their histologically similar systemic counterparts. The purpose of this paper is twofold: first, the author provides concise descriptions of the pathological features of both common and uncommon types of PCNSL while discussing issues such as the confusion surrounding histological classification of PCNSLs, problems related to intraoperative diagnosis, and the appropriate diagnostic work up. Second, the author discusses a small number of molecular studies to demonstrate the great promise they offer. Such studies have already clarified some issues, including the category of lymphocyte from which the majority of PCNSLs are derived. Hopefully in the future these studies will help guide treatment decisions.