Movement disorders and AIDS: a review

TitleMovement disorders and AIDS: a review
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsTse, W, Cersosimo, MG, Gracies, JM, Morgello, S, Olanow, CW, Koller, W
JournalParkinsonism & Related Disorders
Date Published08/2004
KeywordsExternal, Movement Disorders

Movement disorders are a potential neurologic complication of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS), and may sometimes represent the initial manifestation of HIV infection. Dopaminergic dysfunction and the predilection of HIV infection to affect subcortical structures are thought to underlie the development of movement disorders such as parkinsonism in AIDS patients. In this review, we will discuss the clinical presentations, etiology and treatment of the various AIDS-related hypokinetic and hyperkinetic movement disorders, such as parkinsonism, chorea, myoclonus and dystonia. This review will also summarize current concepts regarding the pathophysiology of parkinsonism in HIV infection.