Apolipoprotein E4 genotype does not increase risk of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.

TitleApolipoprotein E4 genotype does not increase risk of HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMorgan, EE, Woods, SPaul, Letendre, S, Franklin, D, Bloss, C, Goate, A, Heaton, RK, Collier, AC, Marra, CM, Gelman, B, McArthur, JC, Morgello, S, Simpson, DM, McCutchan, JA, Ellis, RJ, Abramson, I, Gamst, A, Fennema-Notestine, C, Smith, DM, Grant, I, Vaida, F, Clifford, DB
Corporate AuthorsCHARTER Group
JournalJ Neurovirol
Date Published2013 Apr
KeywordsAdult, Age Factors, AIDS Dementia Complex, Anti-Retroviral Agents, Antiretroviral Therapy, Highly Active, Apolipoprotein E4, Asymptomatic Diseases, CD4 Lymphocyte Count, CHARTER, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Gene Dosage, Genotype, Humans, Internal, Logistic Models, Male, Middle Aged, Neuropsychological Tests, Risk Factors, Severity of Illness Index

This is a cross-sectional, observational study to evaluate the hypothesis that HIV-seropositive (HIV+) apolipoprotein E4 (APOE4) carriers are at increased risk for HIV-associated neurocognitive disorders (HAND) compared to APOE4 noncarriers with HIV in the CNS HIV Antiretroviral Therapy Effects Research (CHARTER) Group sample. APOE genotype was determined in 466 CHARTER participants with varying disease stages and histories of antiretroviral treatment who did not have severe psychiatric or medical comorbid conditions that preclude diagnosis of HAND. HAND diagnoses were based on results of comprehensive neurobehavioral evaluation and use of current neuroAIDS diagnostic criteria. HAND status consists of two levels: neuropsychologically normal status (i.e., no HAND) and any HAND diagnosis (i.e., asymptomatic neurocognitive impairment, minor neurocognitive disorder, HIV-associated dementia). Logistic regression analyses revealed no association between APOE4 carrier status and HAND, and there were no interactions between APOE4 carrier status and ethnicity, age, substance use disorders, duration of infection, or nadir CD4. Results did not differ when analysis was restricted to symptomatic HAND, and no APOE4 gene dose-dependent relationship to HAND emerged. APOE4 status was not associated with concurrent HAND in this large, well-characterized sample. This does not preclude emergence of an association between APOE4 status and HAND as this population ages. Prospective, longitudinal studies are needed to examine APOE4 as a risk factor for neurocognitive decline, incident HAND at older ages, and potential associations with cerebrospinal fluid amyloid.

Alternate JournalJ. Neurovirol.
PubMed ID23408335
PubMed Central IDPMC3668779
Grant ListN01 MH022005 / MH / NIMH NIH HHS / United States
T32 AA013525 / AA / NIAAA NIH HHS / United States